The city's rich history has its beginning in 1295, when the first settlement was established as a royal town, and the position – on a crossover of both business roads and rivers – was quite advantageous, bringing considerable wealth to the city and its population. Business and art prospered significantly in the city of Pilsen, and at the time of the industrial revolution in the 19th century, the well-known industrial giants were founded: Skoda and Pilsner Urquell Brewery. The industrial character of the city has been kept up to the present day, and the high level of cultural and social life in the city was also reflected in a characteristic constructional development that can still be seen in the central quarters, and especially on the Republic Square and in its surroundings.
The city centre is surrounded by parks and alleys, lined with trees and flowers, and you can here enjoy many cafes and restaurants while watching street performances and open-air productions – all the sights are within walking distance, and there are various spots to catch a break (and breath again). The city's lively atmosphere, making for the title of 'European Capital of Culture' in 2015, roots in events and festivals happening all year long, and unique exhibitions, interesting theatres and dance performances attract visitors from all over the world, indulging in the city centre's happenings, and relaxing in romantic park areas nearby.