The City The guide was updated:The history is very important for both Newcastle and Gateshead. Newcastle in particular has a very rich and colourful history, starting with the earliest settlements in the region around 5000 BC, and continues with the arrival of the Romans in 43 AD. In year 1080, Pons Aelius built a castle on top of the old Roman fort for defence against the Scots. It was called “the new castle”, from which Newcastle got its name. The castle was vital for the development of the city, as the military presence increased both commerce and trade.
Derwent Walk Country Park and Watergate Forest Park offer acres of woodland walks and waterside wildflower meadows where mining and industry once thrived. They are now home to majestic Red Kites, whilst National Trust site Gibside includes a Palladian chapel and ruined 18th century house surrounded by acres of parkland just 15 minutes from the city centre. With over half of Gateshead comprised of mature woodland, riverbanks, ponds and wildflower meadows, you will be surprised at how easy it is to escape the bustle of the city for a more relaxed experience.