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The Acropolis and its surroundings

The Parthenon, the temple of Athena, is the major attraction. There is also the Erechteion, whose columns are statues of the female Caryatids, though the original statues have been replaced by copies due to air pollution (the originals are in the new Museum or ... in London!). On the southern slopes of the Acropolis lies the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, a Roman theatre with room for as many as 5.000 spectators. It is used during the annual Athens Festival for world-class ballet and music performances. The Dionysus Theatre lies beside Herodes Atticus, and almost all the tragedies and comedies of Ancient Greece were written for this theatre.
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The Acropolis Museum

Well worth visiting and at the foot of the Acropolis lies the new Acropolis Museum. Brief presentations by Museum Archaeologists-Hosts are held in Greek and English every Friday, Saturday and Sunday. The museum restaurant offers panoramic views of the Acropolis and a 700 square meter public terrace commanding a breathtaking view of the historic hills of Athens.
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The Panathenaic Stadium

The Panathenaic Stadium was built in 330 BC and renovated for the 1896 Olympic Games. It is the world´s oldest stadium which is still in use, and the only one in the world entirely built in white marble. Simply stunning! It is also where from the Olympic Flame is delivered to all the Olympic games.
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Mount Lycabettus

Mount Lycabettus (in Greek: Lykavittos, Λυκαβηττός) lies right in the centre of Athens, rising 277 meters (908 feet) above sea level. Getting yourself up to this altitude (walking or with the funicular - although walking is way worth it) gives you an exquisite 360‎° view over Athens, the Aegean sea and the ships in Piraeus. When the sky is clear, you can see all the way to the mountains in Peloponessos. Apart from the view, there is also a café/restaurant, a 19th century Chapel and an amphitheatre up there.
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Monastiraki

Monastiraki, right under the Acropolis (and offering great views of it) is one of the oldest neighborhoods of Athens. Nowadays, it is where the local "Flea Market" is held but mostly it combines shops, cafes, eateries and touristic shops. It is one of the nicest areas to walk in but also one of the most crowded. In Monastiraki, the authentic lives side by side the fake "made in China" souvenirs -still, with its small streets branching out from the main square, it is the true heart of Athens centre.
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