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Section in Rome
Do & See
Rome is one of a kind. No other city - not even Athens, Istanbul, London or New York - has as many world-class sites as Rome. Walking down Via del Fori Imperiali towards the Colosseum will impress even the most spoiled and shopping-crazed teenager. The city has so much to offer. In addition to the Roman heritage there are also Medieval neighbourhoods, well designed squares, colourful markets and of course, the Vatican and St. Peter’s Basilica. This Rome guide suggests a few other places that must be seen.

Colosseum

Colosseum is one of the most impressive sights in Rome and one of the world’s most famous venues. Many people and animals were killed here, you could see everything from gladiatorial games and drama to killings and battles between wild animals. Emperor Vespasian began the building which was completed by his son Titus. The building was completed in 80 A.D. Inauguration lasted one hundred days, and approximately 9,000 animals and 2,000 gladiators were killed during the event. At its peak this place had 87,000 spectators.
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Fontana di Trevi

The fountain is an impressive building situated on the Piazza di Trevi in Rome centre. It was designed by Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, and was completed by Nicola Salvi in 1762. The fountain became world famous when Anita Ekberg splashing around in the "La Dolce Vita". Today, it is forbidden to bathe in the fountain. Trevi Fountain is a "must" to visit in Rome, and tradition says that you must throw a coin over your shoulder into the fountain and that this will bring happiness. The fountain standing 26 metres (85.3 feet) high and 20 metres (65.6 feet) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world.
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Pantheon

It doesn’t look like much from the outside, but once inside it astounds you. This dome and temple, built over 2,000 years ago, is powerful and impressive. Since the Renaissance, the building has also been used as a grave church and among others the painter Raphael (died in 1520) is buried here. The square in front of the Pantheon is called Piazza della Rotonda. It is located near Piazza Navona and Campo de Fiori so take the opportunity to stroll around in this area, there is much to see.
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Forum Romanum

Forum Romanum, one of the world’s top tourist attractions. It is like a fairy tale with its mosaic of temple ruins, worn marble streets and basilicas. It is located in the valley between the Palatine hill and the Capitoline hill. Forum Romanum was the commercial, political, and religious centre of ancient Rome. It was expanded to include temples, a senate house and law courts. When the Roman Empire fell, the Forum became forgotten, buried and was used as a cattle pasture during the Middle Ages.
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Galleria Borghese

Rome falls short of Venice and Florence when it comes to art, but this gallery is an exception. The Borghese Gallery, housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana shows masterpieces by artists such as Bernini, Titian and Caravaggio. The Villa was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio.
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Piazza Navona

According to some, this is not just Rome's but the world’s most beautiful square. Not only because of its statues and fountains such as Lorenzo Berninis’ Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, but because of its dimensions. It is one of Rome’s liveliest squares, with many outdoor cafés and restaurants. This large rectangular square still manages to feel intimate.
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The Vatican City

The smallest state in the world, The Vatican City is situated in Rome. This is the home of the Pope but also almost a thousand other residents. They run their daily life with own postal system, shops and newspaper. After passing the Swiss guards with their distinctive clothing you can visit 11 different Vatican museums, Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel, Saint Peter's Basilica and the Vatican Gardens.
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St. Peter's Basilica

This is the place where faith, history and art come together in a unique synthesis of majesty and beauty. You will be amazed by the centuries-old history of the place, which began with the first shrine built over Peter’s tomb, and continued with Constantine’s construction of the basilica, up to what we now see, the result of the prophetic vision of the Renaissance Popes in the 1600s. You can visit all the sights, the naves, the chapels and the works of art contained within, where the talent and imagination of great artists (Michelangelo, Bernini and Raphael, to name a few) have been expressed to the best of human potential. Inside every monument, you can also find the living history of men, popes, saints and artists who have dedicated their lives to the Church and to spreading the Christian message.
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Thermae of Caracalla

The Thermae Antoninianae, is one of the largest and best preserved examples of an ancient public bath. It was constructed under the Emperor Caracalla and exhibits the rectangular shape typical of Imperial spa centres. The spa itself was not simply a place for bathing, sport and health, it was also a place of study and relaxation. Around the centre of the structure, the various parts of the spa are found in the following order: the “Calidarium”, the “Tepidarium”, the “Frigidarium” and the “Natatio”. There are also other zones and areas to be found around the two gymnasiums.
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The National Museums Of Ancient Rome

The National Roman Museum - which possesses one of the world’s most important archaeological collections is located in four different sites: Palazzo Massimo alle Therme, Palazzo Altemps, Therm di Diocleziano and Crypta Balbi.
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Raphael in the Villa Farnesina

Villa Farnesina, considered one of the most magnificent creations of Italian Renaissance, was built by Baldassare Peruzzi for the rich Sienese banker Agostino Chigi, called the “magnifico”, lived the splendid life of a Renaissance merchant, in a setting of pomp and splendour, entertaining artists, poets, and noblemen with sumptuous banquets. The interior is richly decorated with frescoes by great masters such as Raphael, Sebastiano del Piombo, Giovanni Antonio Bazzi, known as Sodoma, and Peruzzi himself.
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