The City The guide was updated:Where do you start to summarize the history of the Eternal City? A good date might be 21 April 753 B.C. The day when Romulus is said to have founded the city after murdering his twin brother Remus. During the following centuries Rome grew into a powerful empire, peaking during the rule of Marcus Aurelius in 161-180 A.D.
Just like the ancient city, Rome today is built on seven hills: Capitolino, Palatino, Quirinale, Viminale, Esquilino, Celio and Aventino. The central area is called Campo Marzio, named after the Roman god of war, and was the ancient army’s training grounds. This is where many of the famous sights are located. Other well-known areas are Trastevere, on the other side of the River Tibern, and Monti. Little Pigneto is considered the most Roman neighbourhood.